Alex Holmes

Alex Holmes


In October 2018, I started a BBSRC WR DTP funded PhD studentship in the Faculty of Biological Sciences and Faculty of Medicine and Health at the University of Leeds. I am working with Dr Antreas Kalli, Prof Adrian Goldman and Prof Colin Fishwick to study the structure and mechanism of a family of membrane proteins. This is a highly multidisciplinary project involving novel computational biology and chemistry approaches in combination with laboratory-based biochemical and biomolecular techniques.

Prior to Starting this PhD Project, I did an integrated masters degree (MBiol) in Pharmacology at the University of Leeds. I graduated with a first class degree in July 2018. As part of this I did an extended research project under the supervision of Prof Adrian Goldman and Dr Vincent Postis. During this project, I validated Sf9 insect cells as a suitable expression system for two clinically relevant chlamydial transport proteins. During my undergraduate studies, I also worked with the TRPM2 ion channel in HEK-293 cells under the supervision of Dr Hugh Pearson and completed a research placement with Prof Arun Holden.

Research interests

Membrane-integral pyrophosphatases (m-PPases) are clinically and agriculturally relevant proteins. They are responsible for the breakdown or production of pyrophosphate, coupled to the transport of a proton or sodium ion across a membrane. M-PPases are an important area of study as they are not found in humans, but are found in human pathogens and are involved in critical cellular processes. Therefore, they represent novel drug targets against these species. Additionally, there is extensive research detailing the essential function of m-PPases in plant species and for surviving abiotic stress conditions. This suggests that these proteins could be engineered to be more efficient, thereby improve plant yield in regions affected by global warming.

I am currently involved in several projects investigating the mechanism and structure of m-PPases through novel computational and laboratory approaches.


  • MBiol Pharmacology (1st Class), University of Leeds